Yamaha Outdoors Tips — Check Your Turkey Craw

Check that turkey’s craw. Information found there can help you hunt better. Steve Hickoff photo

By Steve Hickoff 

I try to check the crop (a.k.a. “craw”) of every wild turkey I kill, spring or fall, including other dead birds in camp. Why? It helps tell me and my buds what primary food sources turkeys have been hitting. 


In truth, chances are you won’t find much in a spring gobbler’s crop. He’s too busy chasing down hens and strutting hard with breeding in mind. A recent Maine spring longbeard had just a few blades of grass and a single acorn in his – though I killed him at mid-morning, he still  hadn’t been eating much that day. 

In fall it’s way different. First off, feeding is a primary activity for both autumn gobblers and hens. The first few hours after fly-down and the last few hours of daylight before roosting see the most feeding activity. 

In many fall turkey states, either-sex birds are legal (check your current regulations). Kill one, check the craw contents, and you’ll know what and where others in that flock have been eating. 


By definition, a crop is a thin-walled expanded portion of the alimentary tract used for food storage prior to digestion.


In the wild turkey, you’ll find it above the breast bone but below the neck. You can gently cut the baseball-sized sac to look at what’s in there while it’s still attached to the bird, or even pull it all free before opening it up. 


Hunt near those food sources revealed by a crop check. It may help you or your buds fill those extra turkey tags this season.